Pivoda, František (1824-1898). Composer, singing teacher and critic. His early musical education was gained from his family, then in Brno at the Gymnasium and in the church choir of sv. Jakub. In 1844 he moved to Vienna and completing his studies at the Institute for Church Music and with various private tutors. The first of his many song compositions were published there in 1849. These German works were closely followed by Czech settings. News of Pivoda’s impending move to Prague was announced in the Czech periodical Dalibor in March 1859 and January 1860, but he seems to have arrived and established himself in the city in 1860. He worked vigorously to promote Czech aspects of Prague musical life, was successful as a private singing teacher (establishing his own school in 1869), composed many vernacular vocal works, and wrote as a critic in various periodical publications. His views on aethstics, although nationally motivated, were conservative, sometimes damagingly astringent and biased against other individuals and parties in local musical life.